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Russian course - Lesson 7

Russian course
Basic Russian for beginners

Lesson 7: I like pizza


In this lesson you will learn:

  • the conjugation of reflexive verbs
  • the verb идти́ (to go)
Useful phrase in Russian

Useful phrase in Russian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Мне нра́вится пи́цца
mnye nrá-vit-sya pí-tsa
I like pizza

The Russian cases: in lesson 9 you will learn more about "the cases in Russian". Now we just give you an example:

In English we do not say "I see he", but "I see him". Here we have modified "he", which transforms into "him". This modification is what we call "case" in Russian

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:

English

Russian

Pronunciation

To wash (something / someone)

Мыть

myt'

To wash oneself

Мы́ться

mýt'-sya

To dress (someone)

Одева́ть

a-dye-vát'

To dress oneself (get dressed)

Одева́ться

a-dye-vát'-sya

To like

Нра́виться

nrá-vit'-Sya

To go

Идти́

it-tí

Why

Почему́

pa-chye-mú

Because

Потому́ что

pa-ta-mú-shta

Maybe

Мо́жет быть

mó-zhet byt'

You are right (masc.) (informal)

Ты прав

ty praf

You are right (fem.) (informal)

Ты права́

ty pra-vá

You are right (formal)

Вы пра́вы

vy prá-vy

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson's vocabulary:

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

Russian reflexive verbs

When we use a reflexive verb in a sentence, the subject and the object are the same. In English, we usually convey this idea adding"myself", "yourself", etc. (I wash myself, he speaks with himself,...).

In Russian we add one of these two particles: сь and ся.

  • We use сь when the verb ends in a vowel.
  • We use ся when the verb does not end in a vowel.

Now we will see an example in English and Russian with the same verbs: мыть (to wash) and мыться (to wash oneself):

Non reflexibe verb

To wash

I wash the dishes

You wash the dishes

He washes the dishes

We wash the dishes

You wash the dishes

They wash the dishes

past: washed

МЫТЬ

Я мо́ю посу́ду

Ты мо́ешь посу́ду

Он мо́ет посу́ду

Мы мо́ем посу́ду

Вы мо́ете посу́ду

Они́ мо́ют посу́ду

Он мыл посу́ду

Она́ мы́ла посу́ду

Мы мы́ли посу́ду

Reflexive verb

To wash oneself

I wash myself

You wash yourself

He washes himself

We wash ourselves

You wash yourselves

They wash themselves

Past: washed oneself

МЫ́ТЬСЯ

Я мо́юсь

Ты мо́ешься

Он мо́ется

Мы мо́емся

Вы мо́етесь

Они́ мо́ются

Он мылся

Он́а мы́лась

Мы мы́лись

The verb "to go": идти́

This is one of the few Russian verbs whose infinitive does not end with "ть".

In Russian there are many verbs to express movement, being идти the most important.

Present

Я иду́

Ты идёшь

Он / она́ / оно́ идёт

Мы идём

Вы идёте

Они́ идут

Past

Шёл

Шла

Шли

Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Complete the phrase: Я не хочу........ посуду           мыться            мыть               мыла

2. Complete the phrase: Ты ......очень хорошо             одеваешься    одеваешь       одеваюсь 

3. How do you say "you are right" (to a woman)in Russian? она права     ты права          ты прав 

4. How do you say "maybe" in Russian?                         почему         ты прав          может быть  

5. Which form of the verb "идти" is not correct?            иду    идтись   шёл   идёшь   шла



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