The accusative case - Russian course

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Lesson 1:
Accusative - Part 1

The accusative case of inanimate nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the accusative case...

  • to express the direct object: Я ви́жу мою́ кни́гу - I see my book.
  • after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино́ - We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of different inanimate nouns (that is, names of non-living objects). We will also learn the accusative of pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.



имени́тельный паде́ж

nominative (Nom.)

вини́тельный паде́ж

accusative (Ac.)


more / anymore











мо́жет быть





tasty / yummy


nice / beautiful


by the way



Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The Accusative Case: Inanimate nouns

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in inanimate nouns (that is, names of non-living objects). These are the most important points to remember about these two Cases:

Inanimate nouns in singular:

  • Accusative masculine = Nominative masculine
  • Accusative neuter = Nominative neuter
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the Accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мой стол (Nom.). Я ви́жу мой стол (Acc.)
    This is my table. I see my table

Feminine: -у -ю

  • Э́то моя́ кни́га (Nom.). Я ви́жу мою́ кни́гу (Acc.)
    This is my book. I see my book

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то моё окно́ (Nom.). Я ви́жу моё окно́ (Acc.)
    This is my window. I see my window

Inanimate nouns in plural:

  • Accusative = Nominative (for all three genders)

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ столы́ (Nom.). Я ви́жу мои́ столы́ (Acc.)
    These are my tables. I see my tables

Feminine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ кни́ги (Nom.). Я ви́жу мои́ кни́ги (Acc.)
    These are my books. I see my books

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ о́кна (Nom.). Я ви́жу мои́ о́кна (Acc.)
    These are my windows. I see my windows
Russian test


Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Which word is in the accusative case?

2. What is the accusative form of "пиво"?

3. How do you say "I see books" in Russian?
я вижу кни
я вижу книги
я вижу книгу

4. Tell the case of the highlighted word: Я вижу окна
acc. singular
nom. plural
acc. plural

5. What is the accusative of "моя лампа"?
моя лампа
мою лампу
мой ламп

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