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The Accusative case - Russian course

Russian cases
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Lesson 2: Accusative


Part 2 - The accusative case of animate nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the accusative case...

  • to express the direct object: Я ви́жу мою́ кни́гу - I see my book.
  • after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино́ - We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of different animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals). We will also learn the accusative of pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

вини́тельный паде́ж

Accusative (Acc.)

ра́ньше

before

ко́шка

cat

соба́ка

dog

секре́т

secret

вме́сте

together

не мо́жет быть

it can't be / no way

актёр

actor

актри́са

actress

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The Accusative Case: Animate nouns

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals. These are the most important points to remember about these two Cases:

Animate nouns in singular

  • Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine.
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to Accusative.

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -а -я>

  • Э́то мой брат (Nom.). Я ви́жу моего́ бра́та (Acc.)
    This is my brother. I see my brother.

Feminine: -у -ю

  • Э́то моя́ соба́ка (Nom). Я ви́жу мою́ соба́ку (Acc.)
    This is my dog. I see my dog.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.

Animate nouns in plural

  • Accusative = Genitive (for all genders)
  •  

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ов -ев -ей

  • Э́то мои́ бра́тья (Nom) Я ви́жу мои́х бра́тьев (Acc.)
    These are my brothers. I see my brothers.

Feminine: -... -ь -ий -ей

  • Э́то мои́ соба́ки (Nom). Я ви́жу мои́х соба́к (Acc.)
    These are my dogs. I see my dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. All animate singular nouns have the ending "у" in Accusative    true  only feminine  only neuter  

2. What is the Accusative singular form of "мой брат"?        моих братьев   мой брат  моего брата 

3. Animate plural nouns share the same endings in Nominative and Accusative      true    false   

4. For all neuter nouns it applies that Accusative singular = Nominative singular   true    false

5. What is the Accusative form for "мои собаки"?          моих собак      моих собаки      мою собаку




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