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The Accusative case - Russian course

Russian cases
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Lesson 3: Accusative


Part 3 - The accusative case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the Accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the accusative case...

  • to express the direct object: Я вижу мою книгу - I see my book.
  • after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино - We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

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Винительный падеж

accusative (Ac.)

журнал

magazine

ждать

to wait

зоомагазин

pet shop

слон

elephant

добрый

good

злой

bad

умный

intelligent

модный

fashion / fashionable

блин

pancake

пригласить

to invite

обед

lunch

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The accusative Case: Adjetives

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in adjectives. The adjective agrees with the noun. That is why we have to see if the noun is inanimate or animate.

Adjective + inanimate noun in singular

  • Accusative masculine = Nominative masculine
  • Accusative neuter = Nominative neuter
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the Accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мой новый стол (Nom.).
    This is my new table.
  • Я вижу мой новый стол (Acc.)
    I see my new table.

Feminine: -ую -юю

  • Это моя интересная книга (Nom.).
    This my interesting book.
  • Я вижу мою интересную книгу (Acc.).
    I see my interesting book.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это моё большое окно (Nom).
    This is my big window.
  • Я вижу моё большое окно (Acc.).
    I see my big window.

Adjective + inanimate noun in plural

  • Accusative = Nominative (for all genders)
  •  
  •  

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои новые столы (Nom.).
    These are my new tables.
  • Я вижу мои новые столы (Acc.).
    I see my new tables.

Feminine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои интересные книги (Nom.).
    These are my interesting books.
  • Я вижу мои интересные книги (Acc.).
    I see my interesting books.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои большие окна (Nom).
    These are my big windows.
  • Я вижу мои большие окна (Acc.).
    I see my big windows.

Adjective + animate noun in singular.

  • Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ого -его

  • Это мой добрый брат (Nom.).
    This is my kind brother.
  • Я вижу моего доброго брата (Acc.)
    I see my kind brother.

Feminine: -ую -юю

  • Это моя маленькая собака (Nom).
    This is my small dog.
  • Я вижу мою маленькую собаку (Acc.).
    I see my small dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.

Adjective + animate noun in plural.

  • Accusative = Genitive (for all genders)
  •  

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -их -ых

  • Это мои добрые братья (Nom).
    These are my kind brothers.
  • Я вижу моих добрых братьев (Acc.).
    I see my kind brothers.

Feminine: -их -ых

  • Это мои маленькие собаки (Nom).
    These are my small dogs.
  • Я вижу моих маленьких собак (Acc.).
    I see my small dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. Adjectives always agree in case with the noun they describe         true  false  

2. What is the Accusative singular form for "новый стол"?                  нового стола    новый стол

3. The Ac. pl. ending for adjectives that go with animate nouns is...  ых/их    ую/юю   ые/ие

4. The declined endings of adjectives and possessive pronouns are very similar    true         false

5. What is the Acc. form for "добрые братья"?          добрых брать   добрых братьев добрые братья 




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