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The Accusative case - Russian course

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Lesson 3: Accusative


Part 3 - The accusative case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the Accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the accusative case...

  • to express the direct object: Я ви́жу мою́ кни́гу - I see my book.
  • after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино́ - We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

вини́тельный паде́ж

accusative (Ac.)

журна́л

magazine

ждать

to wait

зоомагази́н

pet shop

слон

elephant

до́брый

good

злой

bad

у́мный

intelligent

мо́дный

fashion / fashionable

блин

pancake

пригласи́ть

to invite

обе́д

lunch

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The accusative Case: Adjetives

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in adjectives. The adjective agrees with the noun. That is why we have to see if the noun is inanimate or animate.

Adjective + inanimate noun in singular

  • Accusative masculine = Nominative masculine
  • Accusative neuter = Nominative neuter
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the Accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мой но́вый стол (Nom.).
    This is my new table.
  • Я ви́жу мой но́вый стол (Acc.)
    I see my new table.

Feminine: -ую -юю

  • Э́то моя́ интере́сная кни́га (Nom.).
    This my interesting book.
  • Я ви́жу мою́ интере́сную кни́гу (Acc.).
    I see my interesting book.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то моё большо́е окно́ (Nom).
    This is my big window.
  • Я ви́жу моё большо́е окно́ (Acc.).
    I see my big window.

Adjective + inanimate noun in plural

  • Accusative = Nominative (for all genders)
  •  
  •  

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ но́вые столы́ (Nom.).
    These are my new tables.
  • Я ви́жу мои́ но́вые столы́ (Acc.).
    I see my new tables.

Feminine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ интере́сные кни́ги (Nom.).
    These are my interesting books.
  • Я ви́жу мои́ интере́сные кни́ги (Acc.).
    I see my interesting books.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Э́то мои́ больши́е о́кна (Nom).
    These are my big windows.
  • Я ви́жу мои́ больши́е о́кна (Acc.).
    I see my big windows.

Adjective + animate noun in singular.

  • Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ого -его

  • Э́то мой до́брый брат (Nom.).
    This is my kind brother.
  • Я ви́жу моего́ до́брого бра́та (Acc.)
    I see my kind brother.

Feminine: -ую -юю

  • Э́то моя́ ма́ленькая соба́ка (Nom).
    This is my small dog.
  • Я ви́жу мою́ ма́ленькую соба́ку (Acc.).
    I see my small dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.

Adjective + animate noun in plural.

  • Accusative = Genitive (for all genders)
  •  

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -их -ых

  • Э́то мои́ до́брые бра́тья (Nom).
    These are my kind brothers.
  • Я ви́жу мои́х до́брых бра́тьев (Acc.).
    I see my kind brothers.

Feminine: -их -ых

  • Э́то мои́ ма́ленькие соба́ки (Nom).
    These are my small dogs.
  • Я ви́жу мои́х ма́леньких соба́к (Acc.).
    I see my small dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. Adjectives always agree in case with the noun they describe         true  false  

2. What is the Accusative singular form for "новый стол"?                  нового стола    новый стол

3. The Ac. pl. ending for adjectives that go with animate nouns is...  ых/их    ую/юю   ые/ие

4. The declined endings of adjectives and possessive pronouns are very similar    true         false

5. What is the Acc. form for "добрые братья"?          добрых брать   добрых братьев добрые братья 




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