Russian video course by Red Kalinka
Russian course - Lesson 2

Russian course
Basic Russian for beginners

Lesson 2: I speak Russian very well


In this lesson you will learn:

  • the personal pronouns "he", "she" and "it"
  • basic rules of verbs in the present tense
  • new Russian vocabulary
Useful phrase in Russian

Useful phrase in Russian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Я говорю́ по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́
ya ga-va-ryú pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó
I speak Russian very well

Pronunciation: You have now heard the word "хорошо́" (well). It is not pronounced "ho-ro-shó" but "ha-ra-shó". Why? In Russian, the vowel "o" is pronounced "o" only when it is stressed. Otherwise it is pronounced "a".

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:

English

Russian

Pronunciation

To speak

Говори́ть

ga-va-rít'

Very

О́чень

ó-chen

But

Но

no

Thank you

Спаси́бо

spa-sí-ba

He

Он

on

She

Она́

a-ná

And

И

i

To speak Russian

Говори́ть по-ру́сски

ga-va-rít' pa-rús-ki

Well

Хорошо́

ha-ra-shó

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson's vocabulary:

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

Personal pronouns: third person

In this lessons you have learnt 3rd person singular pronouns in Russian. As in English, the verb does not change for masculine and feminine in the present tense:

  • Он говори́т (he speaks)
  • Она́ говори́т (she speaks).

In future lessons we will see that this does not happen in the past tense: there are different forms for masculine and feminine.

previous lesson you have learnt that in Russian there is a neuter gender. There is also a personal pronoun for this gender: оно́ (it is pronounced "a-no").

Attention: оно́ is not used in the same situations and as often as "it" in English.

Verb conjugation: present tense

After the first two lessons, you have already seen the conjugation of the present tense in singular (я, ты, он). Verbs in Russian are built adding different endings to a common root.

Have a look to this example:

To speak

I speak

You speak

He / she speaks

Говори́ть

Я говорю́

Ты говори́шь

Он / она́ говори́т

Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

Number of correct answers on the first try.

    1. How do you say "thank you" in Russian?

    2. How do you say "well" in Russian?

    3. How do you say "very" in Russian?

    4. Choose the correct sentence.

    5. Choose the correct sentence.

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