Basic Russian for beginners
I speak Russian very well
In this lesson you will learn:
- the personal pronouns "he", "she" and "it"
- basic rules of verbs in the present tense
- new Russian vocabulary
Useful phrase in Russian
Listen and repeat the following sentence:
Я говорю́ по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́
ya ga-va-ryú pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó
I speak Russian very well
Pronunciation: You have just heard the word "хорошо́" (well). It is not pronounced "ho-ro-shó" but "ha-ra-shó". Why? In Russian, the vowel "o" is pronounced "o" only when it is stressed. Otherwise it is pronounced "a".
Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:
To speak Russian
Dialogues in Russian
These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson's vocabulary:
Hi Elena! How are you?
Приве́т, Еле́на! Как дела́?
pri-vyét ye-lyé-na. kak dye-Lá?
Very well, thanks.
О́чень хорошо́, спаси́бо.
ó-chyen ha-ra-shó spa-sí-ba
Hi, are you Russian?
Приве́т. Ты ру́сский?
pri-vyét. Ty rús-kij?
No, I am American, but I speak Russian.
Нет, я америка́нец, но говорю́ по-ру́сски.
nyét, ya a-me-ri-ká-nyets, no ga-va-ryú pa-rús-ki.
Wow, you speak Russian very well!
Ого́, ты говори́шь по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
o-hó, ty ga-va-rísh pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.
He is American, but he speaks Russian very well.
Он америка́нец, но он говори́т по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
on a-mye-ri-ká-nyets, no on ga-va-rít pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.
She is American, but she speaks Russian very well.
Она́ америка́нка, но она́ говори́т по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
a-ná a-mye-ri-kán-ka, no a-ná ga-va-rít pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.
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Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:
Personal pronouns: third person
In this lesson you have learnt 3rd person singular pronouns in Russian. As in English, the verb does not change for masculine and feminine in the present tense:
- Он говори́т (he speaks)
- Она́ говори́т (she speaks).
In future lessons we will see that this does not happen in the past tense: there are different forms for masculine and feminine.
In the previous lesson you have learnt that in Russian there is a neuter gender. There is also a personal pronoun for this gender: оно́ (it is pronounced "a-no").
Attention: оно́ is neither used in the same situations nor as often as "it" in English.
Verb conjugation: present tense
After the first two lessons, you have already seen the conjugation of the present tense in singular (я, ты, он). Verbs in Russian are built adding different endings to a common root.
Have a look to this example:
He / she speaks
Он / она́ говори́т
Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:
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