Russian video course by Red Kalinka
The prepositional case - Russian course

Russian cases
Free course to learn all Russian cases

Lesson 10: Prepositional


Part 1 - The prepositional case of nouns

!! This course requires basic knowledge of Russian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course.

Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the prepositional case

When is the prepositional case used?

Generally, we use the prepositional case...

  • with the prepositions в y на (on / in / at): Я в школе - I'm at school / Моя книга на столе - My book is on the table
  • with the preposition о (about): Я думаю о тебе - I'm thinking about you

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the prepositional case of different nouns and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

Предложный падеж

prepositional case

командировка

business trip

гостиница

hotel

плита

stove, cooker

микроволновка

microwave

спальня

bedroom

встречать

to meet

деревня

village, countryside

корова

cow

природа

nature

река

river

поле

field

купаться

to bathe

лес

forest

овощи

vegetables

отпуск

vacation, holiday

мечтать

to wish, to dream of

путеводитель

guide-book

путешествие

trip, journey

дача

country house

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in prepositional. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

Do you want to learn Russian with the best courses and books?

We recommend you the best Russian course, with 160 videos and personal tutor.
If you love reading, have a look at these books with stories in easy Russian with audio.
If you want to practice your Russian, here you can find exercise books, with key and grammar tables.

Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The instrumental Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Prepositional Case (Prep.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it

Nouns in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -е>

  • Это мой стол (Nom.).
    This is my table.
  • Я думаю о моём столе (Prep.).
    I think about my table.

Feminine: -е -и -ии

  • Это моя собака (Nom.).
    This is my dog.
  • Я думаю о моей собаке (Prep.).
    I think about my dog.

Neuter: -е -ии

  • Это моё окно (Nom).
    This is my window.
  • Я думаю о моём окне (Prep.).
    I think about my window.

Nouns in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ах -ях

  • Это мои столы (Nom.).
    These are my tables.
  • Я думаю о моих столах (Prep.).
    I think about my tables.

Feminine: -ах -ях

  • Это мои собаки (Nom.).
    These are my dogs.
  • Я думаю о моих собаках (Prep.).
    I think about my dogs.

Neuter: -ах -ях

  • Это мои окна (Nom).
    These are my windows.
  • Я думаю о моих окнах (Prep.).
    I think about my windows.

Exception: prepositional with ending -у

There are some masculine nouns that have two prepositional cases

  1. Regular: it has the ending -е
    • Я думаю о саде = I'm thinking about the garden
  2. Irregular: it has the ending -у. We used it ONLY when meaning "location" (with prepositions в/на)
    • Моя книга была в саду = My book was in the garden
  • аэропорт (airport) - в аэропорту
  • берег (shore, river bank) - на берегу
  • лёд (ice) - на льду
  • год (year) - на льду
  • лес (forest) - в лесу
  • пол (floor) -на полу
  • сад (garden) - в саду
  • снег (snow) - в/на снегу
  • угол (corner) - в/на углу
  • шкаф (wardrobe)- в шкафу
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. The most common Prepositional ending for nouns is "e"   true               false  

2. Which options is correct? Я думаю о...  Россие          России          Россию

3. Which preposition never goes with Prepositional?           после          о         на            в

4. How do you say "in cities" in Russian?      о городах    в городах    на городах

5. Finish the following sentence: Я говорю о ...    моей подруги   моей подруге    моём подруге 




This Russian course will always be free. Please, share it

When you share our website, you're helping us continue with our project: developing free Russian courses for everyone. Please, invest some seconds of your time in sharing us. Thank you.

Go to the next Russian lesson
Go to the list of Russian courses
Russian video course from Red Kalinka