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The prepositional case - Russian course

Russian cases
Free course to learn all Russian cases

Lesson 11: Prepositional


Part 2 - The prepositional case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the prepositional case

When is the prepositional case used?

Generally, we use the prepositional case...

  • with the prepositions в y на (on / in / at): Я в шко́ле - I'm at school / Моя́ кни́га на столе́ - My book is on the table
  • with the preposition о (about): Я ду́маю о тебе́ - I'm thinking about you

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the prepositional case of adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

журнали́стка

(female) journalist

городско́й

urban, city (adjective)

собы́тие

event

сосе́д (masc.) / сосе́дка (fem.)

neighbour

Да́льний Восто́к

the Far East

ме́сто

place

совреме́нный

modern

ди́кое живо́тное

wild animal

нау́ка

science

плане́та

planet

космона́вт

cosmonaut, astronaut

учёный

scientist

пе́рвый, второ́й, тре́тий, четвёртый, пя́тый, шесто́й, седьмо́й, восьмо́й, девя́тый, деся́тый

first, second, third, forth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in prepositional. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The prepositional Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Prepositional Case (Prep.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it

Adjective + Noun in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ом -ем>

  • Э́то мой но́вый стол (Nom.).
    This is my new table.
  • Я ду́маю о моём но́вом столе́ (Prep.).
    I think about my new table.

Feminine: -ой -ей

  • Э́то моя́ ма́ленькая соба́ка (Nom.).
    This is my small dog.
  • Я ду́маю о мое́й ма́ленькой соба́ке (Prep.).
    I think about my small dog.

Neuter: -ом -ем

  • Это моё большое окно (Nom).
    This is my big window.
  • Я думаю о моём большом окне (Prep.).
    I think about my big window.

Adjective + Noun in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ но́вые столы́ (Nom.).
    These are my new tables.
  • Я ду́маю о мои́х но́вых стола́х (Prep.).
    I think about my new tables.

Feminine: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ ма́ленькие соба́ки (Nom.).
    These are my small dogs.
  • Я ду́маю о мои́х ма́леньких соба́ках (Prep.).
    I think about my small dogs.

Neuter: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ больши́е о́кна (Nom).
    These are my big windows.
  • Я ду́маю о мои́х больши́х о́кнах (Prep.).
    I think about my small windows.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. What is Prepositional plural for "дикое животное"?              диких животных                 диких животнях  

2. Which options is correct? Я думаю ...           о этом       об этом         о эте

3. Which cardinal numeral does not have the ending "ом" in Prepositional?   первый   второй  третий      

4. How do you say "this year" in Russian?                            на этом году   в этом году       в этом годе

5. Finish the following sentence: Я читаю о ...                     маленьких ребёнках   маленьких детях 




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