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The instrumentalcase - Russian course

Russian cases
Free course to learn all Russian cases

Lesson 9: Instrumental

Part 2 - The instrumental case of adjectives

!! This course requires basic knowledge of Russian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course.

Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the instrumental case

When is the instrumental case used?

Generally, we use the instrumental case...

  • to express the "instrument" used to perform an action: Он пишет ручкой - He writes with a pen
  • with the preposition с (with): Я иду туда с тобой - I go there with you / Кофе с молоком - Coffee with milk
  • to tell the parts of the day: утро/утром: - morning / in the morning - день/днём: afternoon / in the afternoon - вечер/вечером: evening / in the evening - ночь/ночью: night / at night

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.


for children, children's




in front of




cook, culinary expert





удивлять + Instr.

to surprise with smth.

интересоваться + Instr.

to be interested in





заниматься + Instr.

to occupy oneself with

поднимать настроение

to raise someone's spirits



руководить + Instr.

to manage, to control

гордиться + Instr.

to be proud of


huge, great

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in instrumental. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The instrumental Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Instrumental Case (Instr.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it

Adjective + Noun in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ым -им>

  • Это мой новый студент (Nom.).
    This is my new student.
  • Я доволен моим новым студентом (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my new student.

Feminine: -ой -ей

  • Это моя интересная книга (Nom.).
    This is my interesting book.
  • Я доволен моей интересной книгой (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my interesting book.

Neuter: -ым -им

  • Это моё большое окно (Nom.).
    This is my big window.
  • Я доволен моим большим окном (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my big window.

Adjective + Noun in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ыми -ими

  • Это мои новые студенты (Nom.).
    These are my new students.
  • Я доволен моими новыми студентами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my new students.

Feminine: -ыми -ими

  • Это мои интересные книги (Nom.).
    These are my interesting books.
  • Я доволен моими интересными книгами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my interestings books.

Neuter: -ыми -ими

  • Это мои большие окна (Nom.).
    These are my big windows.
  • Я доволен моими большими окнами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my big windows.
Russian test


Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Fill the gap in the sentenсe: Я стал ... врачом       детскому       детским           детской

2. Instrumental endings for adjectives in plural are... ыми/ими         ами/ями       оми/еми
3. The Instrumental singular form for "новая работа"
is ... новей работой    
новой работой   новой работы

4. What option is not Instrumental?    свежим хлебом    нашей квартире  его работой      историей

5. Finish the sentenсe: Я встречаюсь с ...  моими братями      моими братами   моими братьями 

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