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The prepositional case - Russian course

Russian cases
Free course to learn all Russian cases

Lesson 8: Prepositional


Part 1 - The instrumental case of nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the prepositional case

When is the prepositional case used?

Generally, we use the prepositional case...

  • to express the "instrument" used to perform an action: Он пишет ручкой - He writes with a pen
  • with the preposition с (with): Я иду туда с тобой - I go there with you / Кофе с молоком - Coffee with milk
  • to tell the parts of the day: утро/утром: - morning / in the morning - день/днём: afternoon / in the afternoon - вечер/вечером: evening / in the evening - ночь/ночью: night / at night.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the instrumental case of different nouns and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

творительный падеж

Instrumental case

курица

chicken

сыр

cheese

ветчина

ham

карточка

(credit) card

наличные (always plural)

cash

стать (+ Instrumental)

to become

он согласен/ она согласна

he agrees / she agrees

диван

sofa

рисовать

to draw

он доволен/ она довольна

he is pleased with/she is happy with...

карандаш

pencil

предпочитать

to prefer

краски

paints

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in intrumental. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The instrumental Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Instrumental Case (Instr.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it

Nouns in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ом -ем>

  • Это мой студент (Nom.).
    This is my student.
  • Я доволен моим студентом (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my student.

Feminine: -ой -ей -ю

  • Это моя книга (Nom.).
    This is my book.
  • Я доволен моей книгой (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my book.

Neuter: -м

  • Это моё окно (Nom.).
    This is my window.
  • Я доволен моим окном (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my window.

Nouns in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ами -ями

  • Это мои студенты (Nom.).
    These are my students.
  • Я доволен моими студентами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my students.

Feminine: -ами -ями

  • Это мои книги (Nom.).
    These are my books.
  • Я доволен моими книгами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my books.

Neuter: -ами -ями

  • Это мои окна (Nom.).
    These are my windows.
  • Я доволен моими окнами (Instr.).
    I am pleased with my windows.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. The Instrumental case only describes the instrument of an action       true   false  

2. Which options is correct? Я рисую...                    карандашом   карандашем

3. What preposition does not require Instrumental? у           под         с

4. How do you say "tomorrow morning" in Russian?   завтра утром             завтрым утром

5. Finish the following sentence: Я доволен...          с моими друзьями   моими друзьями      моими другами 




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