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The dative case - Russian course

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Lesson 7: Dative

Part 2 - The dative case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the dative case

When is the dative case used?

Generally, we use the dative case...

  • to express the indirect object: Я даю книгу моему брату - I give my brother a book
  • to express someone's age: Мне 30 лет / моему брату 28 лет - I am 30 (years old). My brother is 28 (years old)
  • to say "I like, he likes, etc." using the verb нравиться: Мне нравится фильм - I like the movie
  • to express someone's mood: Мне хорошо / моей подруге плохо: I feel fine / My friend is feeling bad

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the dative case of different adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.






to lose weight




yummy, delicious





финал конкурса

finals (of a contest)




athletic, sporty


competitor, participant




youngest, junior, little



Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in dative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The dative Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Dative Case (Dat.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it

Adjective + Noun in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ому -ему>

  • Это мой новый студент (Nom.).
    This is my new student.
  • Я даю падарок моему новому студенту (Dat.).
    I give a present to my new student.

Feminine: -ой -ей

  • Это моя маленькая сестра (Nom.).
    This is my little sister.
  • Я даю подарок моей маленькой сестре (Dat.).
    I give a present to my little sister.

Neuter: -ому -ему

  • Это моё большое существо (Nom.).
    This is my big creature.
  • Я даю подарок моему большому существу (Dat.).
    I give a present to my big creature.

Adjective + Noun in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ым -им

  • Это мои новые студенты (Nom.).
    These are my new students.
  • Я даю подарок моим новым студентам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my new students.

Feminine: -ым -им

  • Это мои маленькие сёстры (Nom.).
    These are my little sisters.
  • Я даю подарок моим маленьким сёстрам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my little sisters.

Neuter: -ым -им

  • Это мои большие существа (Nom.).
    These are my big creatures.
  • Я даю подарок моим большим существам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my big creatures.
Russian test


Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Choose the word in dative.        хорошего   хорошему       хороший

2. What is the dative of "погода"?            погоде       погоду           погода

3. Which pronoun is NOT in the dative case?     моему       моего             моей

4. Tell the case of the word in blue: Я даю подругам dat. singular                gen. plural                     dat. plural

5. What is the the dative of "моя хорошая лампа"?        моя хорошая лампа     моей хорошей лампе  мою хорошую лампу

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