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The dative case - Russian course

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Lesson 6: Dative


Part 1 - The dative case of nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the dative case

When is the dative case used?

Generally, we use the dative case...

  • to express the indirect object: Я даю книгу моему брату - I give my brother a book
  • to express someone's age: Мне 30 лет / моему брату 28 лет - I am 30 (years old). My brother is 28 (years old)
  • to say "I like, he likes, etc." using the verb нравиться: Мне нравится фильм - I like the movie
  • to express someone's mood: Мне хорошо / моей подруге плохо: I feel fine / My friend is feeling bad

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the dative case of different nouns and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

дательный падеж

dative case

грустный

sad

мне кажется

It seems to me

мне нужно

I need

какое совпадение!

what a coincidence!

молодой

young

то же самое

the same

подарок

present

коллега

colleague

День Рождения

birthday

подарить + Dat.

to give as a present + Dat.

скучать по + Dat.

to miss + Dat.

привыкнуть + Dat.

to get used to + Dat.

советовать + Dat.

to advise + Dat.

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in dative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

Information about the dialogue: February 23rd is known as "Defender of the Fatherland's Day" (День защитника отечества). This day men receive small presents from women.

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The dative Case: Nouns

n the dialogues we have seen examples of Dative Case (Dat.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it.

Nouns in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -у -ю>

  • Это мой студент (Nom.).
    This is my student.
  • Я даю подарок моему студенту (Dat.).
    I give a present to my student.

Feminine: -е -и -ии

  • Это моя сестра (Nom.).
    This is my sister.
  • Я даю подарок моей сестре (Dat.).
    I give a present to my sister.

Neuter: -у -ю

  • Это моё существо (Nom.).
    This is my creature.
  • Я даю подарок моему существу (Dat.).
    I give a present to my creature.

Nouns in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ам -ям

  • Это мои студенты (Nom.).
    These are my students.
  • Я даю подарок моим студентам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my students.

Feminine: -ам -ям

  • Это мои сёстры (Nom.).
    These are my sisters.
  • Я даю подарок моим сёстрам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my sisters.

Neuter: -ам -ям

  • Это мои существа (Nom.).
    These are my creatures.
  • Я даю подарок моим существам (Dat.).
    I give a present to my creatures.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Choose the word in dative              меня            мне               я

2. What is the dative of "подруга"  подруге       подругу      подруги

3. How do you say "I'm 20 years old" in Russian?         у меня 20 лет       мне 20 лет    я 20 лет

4. Tell the case of the word in blue: Нам хорошо     dative singular      nom. plural   dative plural

5. What is the dative of "мой брат"? моего брата  моему брату        моему другу



 

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