The genitive case - Russian course

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Lesson 5:
Genitive - Part 2

The genitive case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case...

  • to express ownership: Э́то стол моего́ бра́та - This is my brother's table
  • in many cases where we use "of" in English: Э́то стака́н воды́ - This is glass of water
  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + есть: У моего́ дру́га есть стол - My friend has a table
  • to express absence of an object/person: Здесь моего́ бра́та нет - My brother is not here

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

апельси́новый сок

orange juice






















to find



Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it

Adjective + Noun in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ого -его>

  • Э́то мой но́вый стол (Nom.).
    This is my new table.
  • Моего́ но́вого стола́ тут нет (gen.).
    My new table is not here.

Feminine: -ой -ей

  • Э́то моя́ интере́сная кни́га (Nom.).
    This is my interesting book.
  • Мое́й интере́сной кни́ги тут нет (gen.).
    My interesting book is not here.

Neuter: -ого -его

  • Э́то моё большо́е окно́ (Nom).
    This is my big window.
  • Моего́ большо́го окна́ тут нет (gen.).
    My big window is not here.

Adjective + Noun in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ но́вые столы́ (Nom.).
    These are my new tables.
  • Мои́х но́вых столо́в тут нет (gen.).
    My new tables are not here.

Feminine: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ интере́сные кни́ги (Nom.).
    These are my interesting book.
  • Мои́х интере́сных книг тут нет (gen.).
    My interesting books are not here.

Neuter: -ых -их

  • Э́то мои́ больши́е о́кна (Nom).
    These are my big windows.
  • Мои́х больши́х о́кон тут нет (gen.).
    My big windows are not here.
Russian test


Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Adjectives correspond with nouns in gender, number and case.
only in some cases
only in number

2. How do you say in Russian "There is no fresh juice"?
Нет свежий сок
Нет свежего сока

3. What is the genitive form for "новая книга"?
нового книга
новой книги
новей книги

4. How do you say "a piece of this fresh bread"?
кусок этого свежего хлеба
куска этот свежий хлеб

5. What is the genitive plural form for "модная актриса"?
модных актрис
модних актрисей

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