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The genitive case - Russian course

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Lesson 5: Genitive


Part 2 - The genitive case of adjectives

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case...

  • to express ownership: Это стол моего брата - This is my brother's table
  • in many cases where we use "of" in English: Это стакан воды - This is glass of water
  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + есть: У моего дргуга есть стол - My friend has a table
  • to express absence of an object/person: Здесь моего брата нет - My brother is not here

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different adjectives and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

апельсиновый сок

orange juice

ветчина

ham

еда

food

толстый

fat

свежий

fresh

старый

old

известный

famous

шоколад

chocolate

идея

idea

бутылка

bottle

кусок

piece

найти

to find

один/одна

alone

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it

Adjective + Noun in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ого -его>

  • Это мой новый стол (Nom.).
    This is my new table.
  • Моего нового стола тут нет (Gen.).
    My new table is not here.

Feminine: -ой -ей

  • Это моя интересная книга (Nom.).
    This is my interesting book.
  • Моей интересной книги тут нет (Gen.).
    My interesting book is not here.

Neuter: -ого -его

  • Это моё большое окно (Nom).
    This is my big window.
  • Моего большого окна тут нет (Gen.).
    My big window is not here.

Adjective + Noun in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ых -их

  • Это мои новые столы (Nom.).
    These are my new tables.
  • Моих новых столов тут нет (Gen.).
    My new tables are not here.

Feminine: -ых -их

  • Это мои интересные книги (Nom.).
    These are my interesting book.
  • Моих интересных книг тут нет (Gen.).
    My interesting books are not here.

Neuter: -ых -их

  • Это мои большие окна (Nom).
    These are my big windows.
  • Моих больших окон тут нет (Gen.).
    My big windows are not here.
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. Adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case  true  only in some cases only in number

2. How do you say in Russian "There is no fresh juice"        Нет свежий сок   Нет свежего сока

3. What is the Genitive form for "новая книга"?       нового книга    новой книги    новей книги

4. How do you say "a piece of this fresh bread"? кусок этого свежего хлеба   куска этот свежий хлеб

5. What is the Genitive plural form for "модная актриса"?   модных актрис      модних актрисей



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