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The Genitive case - Russian course

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Lesson 4: Genitive


Part 1- The genitive case of nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case...

  • to express ownership: Это стол моего брата - This is my brother's table.
  • in many cases where we use "of" in English: Это стакан воды - This is glass of water.
  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + есть: У моего друга есть стол - My friend has a table.
  • to express absence of an object/person: Здесь моего брата нет - My brother is not here.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different nouns and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

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родительный падеж

genitive (Gen.)

машина

car

ресторан

restaurant

выходить

to leave / to go out

молоко

milk

стакан

glass

сахар

sugar

Москва

Moscow

культура

culture

театр / музей

theatre / museum

много / мало + Gen.

many / little + Gen.

далеко от + Gen.

far from + Gen.

около / у + Gen.

near / by + Gen.

без + Gen.

without + Gen.

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it

Nouns in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -а -я>

  • Это мой стол (Nom.). Моего стола тут нет (Gen.).
    This is my table. My table is not here.

Feminine: -ы -и

  • Это моя книга (Nom.). Моей книги тут нет (Gen.)
    This is my book. My book is not here.

Neuter: -а -я -мени

  • Это моё окно (Nom). Моего окна тут нет (Gen.).
    This is my window. My window is not here.

Nouns in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ов -ев -ей

  • Это мои столы (Nom). Моих столов тут нет (Gen).
    These are my tables. My tables are not here.

Feminine: -... -ь -ий -ей

  • Это мои книги (Nom.). Моих книг тут нет (Gen.).
    These are my books. My books are not here.

Neuter: -... -ей -ий

  • Это мои окна (Nom). Моих окон тут нет (Gen.).
    These are my windows. My windows are not here (the word окна has an irregular genitive plural).

Compare

у меня + nominative = I have...

у меня нет + genitive = I don't have...

  • У меня есть книга = I have a book / У меня нет книги = I don't have any book
  • У тебя есть столы = you have tables / У тебя нет столов = You don't have tables

Also, remember that the expression "I have / you have / etc." is formed with "у + genitive" (for example, меня is the genitive of Я)

Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. The usual meaning of the Genitive is "possession"   true         false

2. After which of the following options we need Genitive?           я вижу   есть    нет 

3. What is the Genitive form for "моя книга"?      мою книгу    моей книги    моя книга

4. Choose the option where both prepositions require Genitive   около/без     далеко/на   без/с

5. What is the Genitive plural form of "человек"?      людей      человеков      люди




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