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The Genitive case - Russian course

Russian cases
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Lesson 4: Genitive


Part 1- The genitive case of nouns

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Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case...

  • to express ownership: Это стол моего брата - This is my brother's table.
  • in many cases where we use "of" in English: Э́то стака́н воды́ - This is glass of water.
  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + есть: У моего́ дру́га есть стол - My friend has a table.
  • to express absence of an object/person: Здесь моего́ бра́та нет - My brother is not here.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different nouns and pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

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роди́тельный паде́ж

genitive (Gen.)

маши́на

car

рестора́н

restaurant

выходи́ть

to leave / to go out

молоко́

milk

стака́н

glass

са́хар

sugar

Москва́

Moscow

культу́ра

culture

теа́тр / музе́й

theatre / museum

мно́го / ма́ло + Gen.

many / little + Gen.

далеко́ от + Gen.

far from + Gen.

о́коло / у + Gen.

near / by + Gen.

без + Gen.

without + Gen.

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it

Nouns in singular

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -а -я>

  • Э́то мой стол (Nom.). Моего́ стола тут нет (Gen.).
    This is my table. My table is not here.

Feminine: -ы -и

  • Э́то моя́ кни́га (Nom.). Мое́й кни́ги тут нет (Gen.)
    This is my book. My book is not here.

Neuter: -а -я -мени

  • Э́то моё окно (Nom). Моего́ окна́ тут нет (Gen.).
    This is my window. My window is not here.

Nouns in plural

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ов -ев -ей

  • Э́то мои́ столы́ (Nom). Мои́х столо́в тут нет (Gen).
    These are my tables. My tables are not here.

Feminine: -... -ь -ий -ей

  • Э́то мои́ кни́ги (Nom.). Мои́х книг тут нет (Gen.).
    These are my books. My books are not here.

Neuter: -... -ей -ий

  • Э́то мои́ о́кна (Nom). Мои́х о́кон тут нет (Gen.).
    These are my windows. My windows are not here (the word окна has an irregular genitive plural).

Compare

у меня́ + nominative = I have...

у меня́ нет + genitive = I don't have...

  • У меня́ есть кни́га = I have a book / У меня́ нет кни́ги = I don't have any book
  • У тебя́ есть столы́ = you have tables / У тебя́ нет столо́в = You don't have tables

Also, remember that the expression "I have / you have / etc." is formed with "у + genitive" (for example, "меня́" is the genitive of "я")

Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:


1. The usual meaning of the Genitive is "possession"   true         false

2. After which of the following options we need Genitive?           я вижу   есть    нет 

3. What is the Genitive form for "моя книга"?      мою книгу    моей книги    моя книга

4. Choose the option where both prepositions require Genitive   около/без     далеко/на   без/с

5. What is the Genitive plural form of "человек"?      людей      человеков      люди




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