RUSSIAN PHRASEBOOK (with audio and video)


I doesn't seem logical to say "I don't speak Russian" when you do it using that language. However, this is a very useful phrase, because you're explaining in easy words that you can't understand everything they're telling you. We're going to learn phrases that will help you understand better: we'll see how to ask someone to repeat what they've just said, to speak more slowly, to write down what they've said,...

Summary with images and sound:
We've put together in video the most important words and phrases to help you memorize them.
After watching it, you can read and listen to all the vocabulary we've prepared for this topic.

app to learn Russian

Do you speak Russian?

We're going to see the name of different languages (Russian, English, Spanish, French,...). We'll find below different structures that will help you say what languages you speak and ask what languages someone else speaks:

  Вы говори́те по-...?
Do you speak...?
vy ga-va-rí-tye pa...?

  Ты говори́шь по-...?
Do you speak...?
(informal: Use this only with friends)

ty ga-va-rísh pa...?

  Вы говори́те по-ру́сски?
Do you speak Russian?
vy ga-va-rí-tye pa-rús-ki?

  Вы говори́те по-англи́йски?
Do you speak English?
vy ga-va-rí-tye pa-an-glíjs-ki?

  Вы говори́те по-испа́нски?
Do you speak Spanish?
vy ga-va-rí-tye pa-is-páns-ki?

  Я говорю́... по-ру́сски /
по-англи́йски / по-испа́нски.

I speak... Russian / English / Spanish.
ya ga-va-ryú... pa-rús-ki /
pa-an-glíjs-ki / pa-is-páns-ki

  Я не говорю́... по-францу́зски / по-неме́цки / по-кита́йски.
I don't speak... French / German / Chinese.
ya nye ga-va-ryú... pa-fran-tsús-ki / pa-nye-myéts-ki / pa-ki-tájs-ki

Do you understand? Yes, I do

Try to memorize the following sentences. They'll help you express and ask about something important: Do you understand what they've told you? Do they understand what you've told them? This will avoid many misunderstandings:

  Вы понима́ете?
Do you understand?
vy pa-ni-má-ye-tye?

  Ты понима́ешь?
Do you understand?
(Informal: Use this only with friends)
ty pa-ni-má-yesh?

  Да, я понима́ю.
Yes, I understand.
da, ya pa-ni-má-yu

  Нет, я не понима́ю.
No, I don't understand.
nyet, ya nye pa-ni-má-yu

Do you want to learn Russian? Visit these useful links:

If you have questions about Russian language, you can ask in our forum.
If you want to learn how to read the Russian alphabet, visit our reading course.
And for those wanting to learn more Russian, we have our basic Russian course.

How do you say this in Russian?

Now we're going to see phrases that we'll use to learn new words in Russian. Listen carefully to the recordings, because thanks to this you'll also be able to teach a Russian speaker how things are called in your language:

  Как э́то по-ру́сски?
How do you say this in Russian?
kak é-ta pa-rús-ki?

  Я не зна́ю, как э́то по-ру́сски.
I don't know, how to say it/this in Russian.
ya nye zná-yu, kak é-ta pa-rús-ki

  Э́то по-ру́сски...
In Russian we call this...
é-ta pa-rús-ki...

  Э́то по-англи́йски...
In English we call this...
é-ta pa-an-glíjs-ki...

  Э́то по-испа́нски...
In Spanish we call this...
é-ta pa-is-páns-ki...

  "Table" по-ру́сски - "стол".
"Table" in Russian is called "стол".
table pa-rús-ki stol

Repeat, please

Find below some extra help for your conversations. With these easy phrases you'll let everyone see that your Russian isn't the best in the world. But this isn't the end of the world either: with a little bit of patience you'll understand everything:

  Извини́те, я не понима́ю.
Sorry, I don't understand.
iz-vi-ní-tye, ya nye pa-ni-má-yu

  Повтори́те, пожа́луйста.
Can you repeat, please?
paf-ta-rí-tye, pa-zhá-lus-ta

  Говори́те ме́дленнее, пожа́луйста.
Can you speak more slowly, please?
ga-va-rí-tye myéd-lye-nye-ye,

  Напиши́те э́то, пожа́луйста.
Can you write it down, please?
na-pi-shý-tye é-ta pa-zhá-lus-ta

We're going to see the same phrases but in informal speech. In Russian (like in many other languages) there are two ways of addressing someone: informal (to use only with friends) and formal (to use in any other case). Your common sense will tell you when it's right to use one form or the other:

  Извини́, я не понима́ю.
Sorry, I don't understand.
iz-vi-ní, ya nye pa-ni-má-yu

  Повтори́, пожа́луйста.
Can you repeat, please?
paf-ta-rí, pa-zhá-lus-ta

  Говори́ ме́дленнее, пожа́луйста.
Can you speak more slowly, please?
ga-va-rí myéd-lye-nye-ye, pa-zhá-lus-ta

  Напиши́ э́то, пожа́луйста.
Can you write it down, please?
na-pi-shý é-ta pa-zhá-lus-ta

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