RUSSIAN PHRASEBOOK (with audio and video)


INTRODUCTIONS

In this section we're going to learn how to ask someone else's name, how to say your name, how to ask how are you?,... This is all about introductions and meeting new people. Maybe you (still) don't know enough Russian to hold a long conversation, but with the following phrases you'll show that at least you want to be friendly. That's enough to beging a beautiful friendship.


VIDEO
Summary with images and sound:
We've put together in video the most important words and phrases to help you memorize them.
After watching it, you can read and listen to all the vocabulary we've prepared for this topic.












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First of all, hello

In this phrasebook we already have a section on greetings in Russian (which we recommend you to visit), so here we'll see how to say a simple "hello", that we can use just before saying "me name is...". So listen and repeat:


WORD PRONUNCIATION
  Здра́вствуйте.
Hello.
zdrást-vuj-tye
We'll use this "hello" with strangers, old people (even if we know them) or with clients. That is, we'll use it in formal contexts.
  Приве́т.
Hi.
pri-vyét
We'll use this "hello" with friends or children. Your common sense will tell you in which other situations you can use it.
Afterwards, our name

It's very easy to say "my name is" in Russia. We're going to see that right now, along with the question to ask someone else's name. You'll learn that there are two ways of saying "what's your name?" in Russian. We explain everything below:


PHRASE PRONUNCIATION
  Меня́ зову́т...
My name is...
mye-nyá za-vút...

  Как вас зову́т?
What's your name? (formal)
kak vas za-vút?

  Как тебя́ зову́т?
What's your name? (informal)
kak tye-byá za-vút?
In Russian (like in many other languages) there are two ways of saying "you/your": a formal and an informal one.
Use the informal way mostly with friends and children. In any other case (strangers, clients, old people,...) use the formal one.
And remember that you can always make use of your common sense to understand which way you should choose.
  О́чень прия́тно.
Pleased to meet you.
ó-chyen pri-yát-na

How are you?

We understand that it's difficult to start a conversation when we don't know the language. However, it's always nice to say "how are you?", even when we don't have much to say. Besides, the answer to that question is quite easy:


PHRASE PRONUNCIATION
  Как дела́?
How are you?
kak dye-lá?

  Спаси́бо, хорошо́. А у вас?
Fine, thank you. And you? (formal)
spa-sí-ba, ha-ra-shó. a u vas?

  Спаси́бо, хорошо́. А у тебя́?
Fine, thank you. And you? (informal)
spa-sí-ba, ha-ra-shó. a u tye-byá?
Pay attention to this: In Russian we don't say "fine, thank you" but "thank you, fine". It's important for you to know it, so you can understand that спасибо means “thank you” and хорошо means “fine” (or "good").


Do you want to learn Russian? Visit these useful links:

If you have questions about Russian language, you can ask in our forum.
If you want to learn how to read the Russian alphabet, visit our reading course.
And for those wanting to learn more Russian, we have our basic Russian course.



How to introduce people

Now it's the moment of introducing someone to one of your friends. The following phrase is quite useful, because it can be used in both formal and informal contexts and to introduce either a man or a woman:


PHRASE PRONUNCIATION
  Познако́мьтесь, э́то...
Let me introduce you to...
paz-na-kóm-tyes, é-ta...

  Э́то...
This is...
é-ta...


If you are not near the person you want to meet or if you are too shy, you can ask their name to a friend. Here you'll find the questions and answers to find out the name of a woman or a man:

  Кто он?
Who is he?
kto on?

  Его́ зову́т...
His name is...
ye-vó za-vút...

  Кто она́...?
Who is she?
kto a-ná?

  Её зову́т...
Her name is...
ye-yó za-vút...

Where do you come from?

This is an absolutely common question to ask when meeting someone. Maybe it's not the most original one, but it's easy to remember, the answer is never something personal and we can use it to start a nice conversation:


PHRASE PRONUNCIATION
  Отку́да вы?
Where do you come from? (formal)
at-kú-da vy?

  Отку́да ты?
Where do you come from? (informal)
at-kú-da ty?

  Я из...
I come from...
ya iz...

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