RUSSIAN COURSE
-Basic Russian for beginners-


LESSON 5: REVIEW OF LESSON 1 - 4

In this lesson you will learn:
- the most important points from lessons 1 to 4.
- different ways to say hello and goodbye.
- four new verbs.


 


1. USEFUL PHRASE IN RUSSIAN
                          Listen and repeat the sentences you have learnt in the last 4 lessons:


Lesson 1
 
Lesson 2
 
Lesson 3
 
Lesson 4
 
 




 2. RUSSIAN VOCABULARY

                          Read, listen and repeat the basic Russian vocabulary of this lesson:

 VERBS

 You have learnt two verbs in the present tense, говорить (to speak / to say) and знать (to know). They have different endings because they belong to different conjugations. This simply means that they have different endings (you can see below the endings are highlighted in red).

 




Я
Ты
Он / она / оно
Мы
Вы
Они
говорить
(to say / speak / talk)
говорю
говоришь
говорит
говорим
говорите
говорят
знать
(to know)
знаю
знаешь
знает
знаем
знаете
знают
 



A Russian verb belongs to one of these two conjugation (unless it is an irregular verb). That is why conjugating a Russian verb is easy. As an example, now you will learn four new verbs: думать, делать (they conjugate like знать), видеть (it conjugates like говорить) y хотеть (it is an irregular verb, so it conjugates irregularly):

 




       
      
Я
Ты
Он / она / оно
Мы
Вы
Они
думать
(to think)
думаю
думаешь
думает
думаем
думаете
думают
делать
(to do / to make)
делаю
делаешь
делает
делаем
делаете
делают
видеть
(to see)
вижу (irregular)
видишь
видит
видим
видите
видят
хотеть
(to want)
хочу
хочешь
хочет
хотим
хотите
хотят

 
GREETINGS AND FAREWELLS IN RUSSIAN

During the last 4 lessons you have learnt to say hello and goodbye in different ways. Here you will find them, plus some new ways you had not seen yet.


  ENGLISH
- Hello (informal)
- Hello (formal)
- Hello (in Russian "good day")

- Good morning
- Good evening
- Good night

- See you later
- See you later
- Bye (informal)
  RUSSIAN
- Привет
- Здравствуйте
- Добрый день

- Доброе утро
- Добрый вечер
- Спокойной ночи

- До свидания

- До встречи
- Пока
  PRONUNCIATION
- pri-vyet
- zdrast-vuj-tye

- do-bryj dyen'

- do-bra-ye u-tro
- do-bryj vye-chyer
- spa-koj-naj no-chi

- da svi-da-niya
- da vstrye-chi
- pa-ka




RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? 
Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand:





 4. RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

                                         Summary of the most important grammar points learnt in the last 4 lessons:

 

Verb "to be" in present tense

In modern Russian, the verb "быть" is not written when used in present tense (but it is in the past and future).
 

The three Russian genders

In Russian nouns have a gender, which can be masculine, feminine or neuter.


The articles in Russian

In Russian articles (a, an, the) do not exist. That is why a word like "книга" could mean either "a book" or "the book".

 
 

How to say "you" in Russian

 In Russian there are different two ways of saying "you", a formal (вы) and an informal (ты) way.
 

Making questions in Russian

 If you want to make a question in Russian, you only need to use the symbol "?". This means:

- You do not need to change the position of the verb.
- You do not need to use an auxiliary verb like "do" in English.




           go to lesson 6


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