RUSSIAN CASES

-Course to learn the Russian declensions-




LESSON 4: GENITIVE
Part 1- The genitive case of nouns


!! This course requires basic knowledge of Russian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course.

 
THE GENITIVE CASE

WHEN IS THE GENITIVE USED? Generally, we use the genitive case...
- to express ownership:  Это стол моего брата - This is my brother's table.
- in many cases where we use "of" in English: 
Это стакан воды - This is glass of water.
- to express ownership with the construction
у + genitive + есть: У моего друга есть стол - My friend has a table.
- to express absence of an object/person: Здесь моего брата нет - My brother is not here.

WHAT WILL WE LEARN IN THIS LESSON? We are going to learn the genitive case of different nouns and pronouns.



USEFUL VOCABULARY IN RUSSIAN


 
This is the new Russian vocabulary that you will learn in this lesson. Read, listen and repeat the words.

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.
Click here to go to lesson 1.

 
 ENGLISH
  • genitive (Gen.)
  • car
  • restaurant
  • to leave / to go out
  • milk
  • glass
  • sugar
  • Moscow
  • culture
  • theatre / museum
  • many / little + Gen.
  • far from + Gen.
  • near / by + Gen.
  • without + Gen.
 RUSSIAN
  • родительный падеж
  • машина
  • ресторан
  • выходить
  • молоко
  • стакан
  • сахар
  • Москва
  • культура
  • театр / музей
  • много / мало + Gen.
  • далеко от + Gen.
  • около / у + Gen.
  • без + Gen.
 
 


DIALOGUES IN RUSSIAN
 With extra help for the cases!

 
Our extra help: we have highlighted
in blue the words in genitive.




MORE HELP: REFERENCE MATERIALS
taken from our course Tables of Russian Grammar

      Look up these tables while you read the Russian dialogues:

      NOUNS: Genitive Case. See table
     
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: Genitive Case. See table
      POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: Genitive Case. See table
*Don't memorize the tables. Use them only for quick reference.           




DIALOGUE 1:


 
ENGLISH

- Today I understood that I have nothing! (lit. "I don't have nothing")

- You aren't right! You have a nice house.

- That house is my father's. I don't have a house...

- But you have a car!

- That car is my sister's. I don't have a car...


- But you have a boyfriend!

- Not anymore... Now this is my friend's boyfriend. That's why I don't have a friend either...
RUSSIAN
 
- Я сегодня поняла, что у меня ничего нет!


- Ты не права! У тебя есть хороший дом.

- Это дом моего отца. У меня нет дома...


- Но у тебя есть машина!

- Это машина моей сестры. У меня нет машины...

- Но у тебя есть друг!

- Уже нет... Сейчас это друг моей подруги. Поэтому у меня подруги тоже нет...

 

DIALOGUE 2:

 
ENGLISH

- Michael, where are you? I'm waiting for you near the restaurant.

- I'm leaving from home...

- You are just leaving (from) home?! I'm waiting by the restaurant already ten minutes!

- Sorry...

- Alright. What (do you want) for you?

- Coffee without milk.

- Ok... see you.

- What (would you like) for you?

- Hello, a glass of juice, please.


- Sorry, we don't have juice. We have tea.

- Fine, tea without sugar.

- Tea without sugar. Is that all?

- No, also coffee without milk for my friend.
RUSSIAN
 
- Майкл, где ты? Я жду тебя около ресторана.


- Я выхожу из дома...

- Ты только выходишь из дома?! Я жду у ресторана уже десять минут!


- Извини...

- Ладно. Что для тебя?


- Кофе без молока.

- Хорошо... пока

- Что для вас?

- Здравствуйте, стакан сока, пожалуйста.

- Извините, у нас нет сока. У нас есть чай.


- Хорошо, чай без сахара.

- Чай без сахара. Это всё?

- Нет, ещё кофе без молока для моего друга.



 

 

DIALOGUE 3:

 
ENGLISH

- Do you like Moscow?

- Of course not! There are too many people, and too many cars and houses.

- And I love Moscow. There is a lot of culture and many theatres.

- People have too little time. There everything is so far from home!

- Of course, this is big city, but very beautiful! There are many museums. I can't (live) without Moscow.

RUSSIAN
 
- Тебе нравится Москва?

- Конечно нет! Там слишком много людей, слишком много машин и домов.

- А я люблю Москву. Там много культуры, много театров.

- У людей очень мало времени. Там всё так далеко от дома!

- Конечно, это большой город, но очень красивый! Там много музеев. Я не могу без Москвы.






RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? 
Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand: 

RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson. If you have any question, remember that you can always ask in our forum.
 
The Genitive Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it:

Nouns in singular:
We highlight in red the endings for each gender.
  Masculine: -а -я
 - Это мой стол (Nom.). Моего стола тут нет (Gen.).
 - This is my table. My table is not here.
  Feminine: -ы -и
 - Это моя книга (Nom.). Моей книги тут нет (Gen.)
 - This is my book. My book is not here.
  Neuter: -а -я -мени
 - Это моё окно (Nom). Моего окна тут нет (Gen.).
 - This is my window. My window is not here.

 
Nouns in plural:
We highlight in red the endings for each gender.
  Masculine: -ов -ев -ей
 
- Это мои столы (Nom). Моих столов тут нет (Gen)
 - These are my tables. My tables are not here.
  Feminine: -... -ь -ий -ей
 - Это мои книги (Nom.). Моих книг тут нет (Gen.).
 - These are my books. My books are not here.
  Neuter: -... -ей -ий
 - Это мои окна (Nom). Моих окон
тут нет (Gen.).
 - These are my windows. My windows are not here.
*the word окна has an irregular genitive plural  
 
Compare:  у меня + nominative = I have...
                 у меня нет + genitive = I don't have...

- У меня есть книга = I have a book ----> У меня нет книги = I don't have any book
- У тебя есть столы = you have tables --> У тебя нет столов = You don't have tables
* Also, remember that the expression "I have / you have / etc." is formed with "у + genitive" (for example, меня is the genitive of Я)
 
 
TEST:

C
HECK HOW MUCH YOU REMEMBER FROM THIS LESSON


1. The usual meaning of the Genitive is "possession"   true         false

2. After which of the following options we need Genitive?           я вижу   есть    нет 

3. What is the Genitive form for "моя книга"?      мою книгу    моей книги    моя книга

4. Choose the option where both prepositions require Genitive   около/без     далеко/на   без/с

5. What is the Genitive plural form of "человек"?      людей      человеков      люди




 



Contact us       Site map       Terms of use       Privacy policy     Russian lessons via Skype
Copyright © www.russianforfree.com. All rights reserved.