-Course to learn the Russian declensions-

Part 2 - The accusative case of animate nouns

!! This course requires basic knowledge of Russian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course.


WHEN IS THE ACCUSATIVE USED? Generally, we use the accusative case...
- to express the direct object: Я вижу мою книгу - I see my book.
- after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино - We are going to the cinema.

WHAT WILL WE LEARN IN THIS LESSON? We are going to learn the accusative case of different animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals). We will also learn the accusative of pronouns.


If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.
Click here to go to lesson 1.


This is the new Russian vocabulary that you will learn in this lesson.
Read, listen and repeat the words.

  • Accusative (Acc.)
  • before
  • cat
  • dog
  • secret
  • together
  • it can't be / no way
  • actor
  • actress
  • винительный падеж
  • раньше
  • кошка
  • собака
  • секрет
  • вместе
  • не может быть
  • актёр
  • актриса

 With extra help for the cases!

Our extra help: we have highlighted
in blue the words in accusative

taken from our course Tables of Russian Grammar

      Look up these tables while you read the Russian dialogues:

      NOUNS: Accusative Case. See table
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: Accusative Case. See table
      POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: Accusative Case. See table
*Don't memorize the tables. Use them only for quick reference.           



- Do you want see our photographs?

- Of course! Who is this?

- This is my (male) friend. His name is Piotr (they call him Piotr). Do you know my friend?

- Yes, I know him. He loves pizza and drinks only water.

- You are right. And this is my (female) friend. Her name is Olga (they call her Olga). Do you know my friend?

- I think I know her. She always drinks tea, right?

- Yes, that's her. And these are my parents. Do you know my parents?

- Yes, I know them. By the way, yesterday I saw your father and his friend. They were drinking coffee.
- Хочешь смотреть наши фотографии?

- Конечно! Кто это?

- Это мой друг. Его зовут Пётр. Ты знаешь моего друга?

- Да, я его знаю. Он любит пиццу и пьёт только воду.

- Ты права. А это моя подруга. Её зовут Ольга. Ты знаешь мою подругу?

- Я думаю, что я её знаю. Она всегда пьёт чай, правда?

- Да, да, это она. А это мои родители. Ты знаешь моих родителей?

- Да, я их знаю. Кстати, вчера я видела твоего отца и его друга. Они пили кофе.



- Do you want to know a secret? I love your sister.

- No way! But Michael, I thought you loved my friend Katya.

- Katya? Of course not! Katya loves my friend. I saw them together.

- Wow! I thought that Katya loved your brother! Before she loved your brother and now she loves your friend?

- Yes. And your sister? Does she love me?

- I don't know... I think that my sister only loves your dog.

- That's a problem... my dog doesn't love her cat.

- Хочешь знать секрет? Я люблю твою сестру.

- Не может быть! Но Майкл, я думала что ты любишь мою подругу Катю.

- Катю? Конечно нет! Катя любит моего друга. Я видел их вместе.

- Ого! Я думала, что Катя любит твоего брата! Раньше она любила твоего брата, а сейчас любит твоего друга?

- Да, да. А твоя сестра? она любит меня?

- Не знаю... Я думаю, моя сестра любит только твою собаку.

- Это проблема... Моя собака не любит её кошку...


We have added here some adjectives in accusative (highlighted in green). In lesson 3 you will learn about them.

- Yesterday I went to the cinema. I watched a new movie.

- Really? All my friends were there! You saw my friends?

- I don't know your friends. But I saw your brothers and sisters.

- And how was the movie? Did you see my favourite actors?

- No, but I saw very beautiful actresses: Julia Roberts and Cameron Diaz.

- I don't love these actresses.

- I don't love them either. But this is a good movie.


- Вчера я была в кино. Я смотрела новый фильм.

- Правда? Все мои друзья там были! Ты видела моих друзей?

- Я не знаю твоих друзей. Но я видела твоих братьев и сестёр.

- И как фильм? Ты видела моих любимых актёров?

- Нет, но я видела очень красивых актрис: Джулия Робертс и Камерон Диас. 

- Я не люблю этих актрис.

- Я тоже их не люблю. Но это хороший фильм.

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                      RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson. If you have any question, remember that you can always ask in our forum.
The Accusative Case:
Animate nouns

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals. These are the most important points to remember about these two Cases:

Animate nouns in singular:

- Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine.
- Feminine: its endings are unique to Accusative.
We highlight in red the endings for each gender.
  Masculine: -а -я
 - Это мой брат (Nom.). Я вижу моего брата (Acc.)
 - This is my brother. I see my brother.
  Feminine: -у -ю
 - Это моя собака (Nom). Я вижу мою собаку (Acc.)
 - This is my dog. I see my dog.
  Neuter: There are very few animate neuter nouns.
  That is why we are not mentioning their rules
  in this course.
Animate nouns in plural:

- Accusative = Genitive
  (for all genders)
We highlight in red the endings for each gender.
  Masculine: -ов -ев -ей
 - Это мои братья (Nom) Я вижу моих братьев (Acc.)
 - These are my brothers. I see my brothers.
  Feminine: -... -ь -ий -ей
 - Это мои собаки (Nom). Я вижу моих собак (Acc.)
 - These are my dogs. I see my dogs.
  Neuter: There are very few animate neuter nouns.
  That is why we are not mentioning their rules
  in this course.
Remember! Accusative and Genitive are identical for animate nouns, except in feminine singular.



1. All animate singular nouns have the ending "у" in Accusative    true  only feminine  only neuter  

2. What is the Accusative singular form of "мой брат"?        моих братьев   мой брат  моего брата 

3. Animate plural nouns share the same endings in Nominative and Accusative      true    false   

4. For all neuter nouns it applies that Accusative singular = Nominative singular   true    false

5. What is the Accusative form for "мои собаки"?          моих собак      моих собаки      мою собаку


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