How to read Russian.
Course for beginners: learn how to read Russian letters and words

Lesson 3:

 МЕНЯ ЗОВУТ НАТАША, А ТЕБЯ?
MY NAME IS NATASHA, AND YOURS?

 In this lesson you will learn:
- to read an important phrase in Russian: "my name is..."
- to pronounce 7 new consonants (м, н, з, в, т, ш, б) and 5 vowels (а, о, е, у, я).

Step 1: After the first two lessons, you are familiar with the Russian alphabet and you already know how to read the word "hi" in Russian. Now it is time to learn how to introduce yourself! In Russian when we want to say "my name is..." we use "Меня зовут...". Let's learn how to pronounce this phrase like native speakers:


Listen to the following the audio in Russian and repeat. You will hear first the whole Russian word and then the sound of each letter separately:

Letters:   М    Е    Н    Я       З    О    В    У   Т       Н   А   Т   А   Ш   А

Sounds:  [m][ye] [n] [ya]   [z] [a] [v] [u] [t]     [n] [a] [t] [a] [sh] [a]

 Tip - how to pronounce "o": Some vowels are read in Russian differently in unstressed and stressed positions. The most important change happens to the Russian vowel "о". When unstressed it turns into the sound [a].

For example, "хорошо": it contains 3 times the letter "o", but only the last one is stressed and sounds [o].

Pay attention to the following example. Listen to the Russian audio and repeat:


зонт ----->  [zont]   the vowel "o" is stressed
зовут ----> [za-vut] the vowel "o" is NOT stressed
хорошо ->  [ha-ra-sho]

Step 2: We can already introduce ourselves and say our name! That's great!
Now we have to ask the name of the person we are talking to. The easiest way is with the question "а тебя?" (which means "and you?"). Let's study the pronunciation more closely:


Letters:   А        Т     Е     Б    Я ?

Sounds:  [a]      [t]  [ye] [b] [ya]

Step 3: Time to practise!
Below you can find a list of syllables that contain the letters you have learnt in this lesson. First, read them aloud. Then, listen to the recording in Russian and check how you did. Good luck!


МО  БО  ЗО  НА  ША  ТА  МЯ  ТЯ

ШУ  ШО  БУ  БО  МУ  МЕ  ТУ ТО

ШУМ  ЗОВ  ИМЯ  ШУБА  НЕТ  ВОТ
Remember some useful words:

НЕТ (NO) ЗОНТ (UMBRELLA) 

  

RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand:
 
TEST:

CHECK HOW MUCH YOU REMEMBER FROM THIS LESSON


1. All vowels are always read in Russian the same way   true      false     

2. How do you say "no" in Russian?           но      нет    ни

3. How do you read the word "зовут"      [za-vut]     [za-but]   [za-vut]

4. How do you read "наша"?                   [ha-sha]    [na-ma]   [na-sha]

5. How do you read the word "зонт"?     [zoht]     [zont]       [zaht]




Remember: This course is designed ONLY to learn how to read Russian. If you want to learn Russian, first you need to know how to read. When you finish this course, you can start learning how to speak Russian with our Basic Russian course ¡Carry on, you are doing it very well!
 
 


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