Russian Grammar Tables!
Nouns - Gender in the Nominative Case





Like in many other languages, nouns in Russian have gender, which can be "masculine", "feminine" or "neuter".
Knowing the gender is sometimes easy: дочь (daugter) is a feminine noun, while отец (father), is masculine.
Most of the time, however, there is no logic in the election of gender. For example, the noun стол (table) is masculine.

You can guess the gender of a noun by looking at its ending.
Look at the table below to see the endings for each gender:

          Gender
    Masculine

  
   Feminine


     
       Neuter

   Endings

   - consonant
   - й
   - ь

   - тель

   - а
   - я
   - ия
   - ь

   - ость

   - о
   - е
   - ие
   - мя

  Examples

  брат (brother)
  чай (tea)
  день (day)
  житель (inhabitant)

  сестра (sister)
  неделя (week)
  Россия (Russia)
  ночь (night)
  новость (piece of news)

  лицо (face)
  море (sea)
  здание (building)
  имя (name)

 
Remember! The only ending shared by more than one gender is the
letter "ь". When that happens, you will have to memorize each noun
with its gender. These are the most common words with the ending ь:

 

Masculine: гость (guest)
                  день (day)
                  дождь (rain)
                  календарь (calendar)
                  словарь (dictionary)

Feminine: мать (mother)
                 дочь (daughter)
                 тетрадь (notebook)
                 ночь (night)
                 осень (autumn)


Look at these exceptions. They have feminine endings, but they are masculine nouns:
дедушка (grandfather), мужчина (man), дядя (uncle), папа (dad



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