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The accusative case - Russian course

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Lesson 1: Accusative


Part 1 - The accusative case of inanimate nouns

!! This course requires basic knowledge of Russian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course.

Introduction to Russian cases

Introduction to the Accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the Accusative case...

  • to express the direct object: Я вижу мою книгу - I see my book.
  • after some prepositions to show the place "someone goes to": Мы идём в кино - We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of different inanimate nouns (that is, names of non-living objects). We will also learn the accusative of pronouns.

Russian vocabulary

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the vocabulary of this lesson:

If you still don't know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Russian.

падеж

case

Именительный падеж

nominative (Nom.)

Винительный падеж

accusative (Ac.)

больше

more / anymore

сок

juice

вода

water

пиво

beer

пицца

pizza

хлеб

bread

может (быть)

maybe

тоже нет

neither / either

любимый

favourite

вкусный

tasty / yummy

красивый

nice / beautiful

кстати

by the way

ну...

well...

Russian dialogues

Dialogues in Russian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highliged cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

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Russian grammar

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The Accusative Case: Inanimate nouns

In this lesson's dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in inanimate nouns (that is, names of non-living objects). These are the most important points to remember about these two Cases:

Inanimate nouns in singular:

  • Accusative masculine = Nominative masculine
  • Accusative neuter = Nominative neuter
  • Feminine: its endings are unique to the Accusative

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.>

  • Это мой стол (Nom.). Я вижу мой стол (Acc.)
    This is my table. I see my table

Feminine: -у -ю

  • Это моя книга (Nom.). Я вижу мою книгу (Acc.)
    This is my book. I see my book

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это моё окно (Nom.). Я вижу моё окно (Acc.)
    This is my window. I see my window

Inanimate nouns in plural:

  • Accusative = Nominative (for all three genders)

We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои столы (Nom.). Я вижу мои столы (Acc.)
    These are my tables. I see my tables

Feminine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои книги (Nom.). Я вижу мои книги (Acc.)
    These are my books. I see my books

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Это мои окна (Nom.). Я вижу мои окна (Acc.)
    These are my windows. I see my windows
Russian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

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