RUSSIAN COURSE
Basic Russian for beginners

Lesson 2: I SPEAK RUSSIAN VERY WELL

In this lesson you will learn:
  • the personal pronouns “he”, “she” and “it”.
  • new Russian vocabulary.
Lesson 2: I SPEAK RUSSIAN VERY WELL

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Useful phrase in Russian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

  • Я ГОВОРЮ ПО-РУССКИ ОЧЕНЬ ХОРОШО
    (ya ga-va-riú pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-sho)
  • I SPEAK RUSSIAN VERY WELL

Pronunciation: You have now heard the word “хорошо” (well). It is not pronounced “ho-ro-shó” but “ha-ra-shó”. Why? In Russian, the vowel “o” is pronounced “o” only when it is stressed. Otherwise it is pronounced “a”.

Russian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic Russian vocabulary of this lesson:


English
Russian
Pronunciation
To speak
Говорить
ga-va-rít’
Very
Очень
ó-chen
But
Но
no
Thank you
Спасибо
spa-sí-ba
He
Он
on
She
Она
a-ná
And
И
i
To speak Russian
Говорить по-русски
ga-va-rít’ pa-rús-ki
Well
Хорошо
ha-ra-shó

Dialogues in Rusian

These Russian dialogues will help you memorise this lesson’s vocabulary:

Dialogue 1

English
Russian
Pronunciation
Hi Michael!
Привет, Майкл!
pri-vyét máj-kl
Hi Elena! How are you?
Привет, Елена! Как дела?
pri-vyét ye-lyé-na. kak dye-Lá?
Very well, thanks
Очень хорошо, спасибо.
ó-chyen ha-ra-shó spa-sí-ba.

Dialogue 2

English
Russian
Pronunciation
Hi, are you Russian?
Приве́т. Ты ру́сский?
Pri-vyét. ty rús-kij?
No, I am American, but I speak Russian.
Нет, я америка́нец, но я говорю́ по-ру́сски.
nyet, ya a-me-ri-ká-nyets, no ya ga-va-ryú pa-rús-ki.
Wow, you speak Russian very well!
Ого, ты говори́шь по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
o-gó, ty ga-va-rísh pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.
Thank you!
Спасибо́!
spa-sí-ba.

Dialogue 3

English
Russian
Pronunciation
He is American, but he speaks Russian very well.
Он америка́нец, но он говори́т по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
on a-mye-ri-ká-nyets, no on ga-va-rít pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.
She is American, but she speaks Russian very well.
Она америка́нка, но она́ говори́т по-ру́сски о́чень хорошо́.
a-ná a-mye-ri-kán-ka, no a-ná ga-va-rít pa-rús-ki ó-chyen ha-ra-shó.

Russian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

Personal pronouns: third person

In this lessons you have learnt 3rd person singular pronouns in Russian. As in English, the verb does not change for masculine and feminine in the present tense:

– Он говорит (he speaks)
– Она говорит (she speaks).

In future lessons we will see that this does not happen in the past tense: there are different forms for masculine and feminine.

In the previous lesson you have learnt that in Russian there is a neuter gender. There is also a personal pronoun for this gender: оно (it is pronounced “a-no“).

Attention: оно is not used in the same situations and as often as “it” in English.

Verb conjugation: present tense

After the first two lessons, you have already seen the conjugation of the present tense in singular (я, ты, он). Verbs in Russian are built adding different endings to a common root.

Have a look to this example:

Verb: to speak

  • I speak
  • You speak
  • He / She speaks

Verb: говори́ть

  • Я говорю́
  • Ты говори́шь
  • Он / она говори́т

In the next lessons you will learn new Russian verbs and you will see the different endings used.

Test

CHECK HOW MUCH YOU HAVE LEARNT IN THIS LESSON

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