RUSSIAN COURSE
-Basic Russian for beginners-


LESSON 13: I WILL BE READING THE NOVEL,
                             BUT I WILL NOT FINISH READING IT 

In this lesson you will learn:
- the future tense in Russian.
- the future of imperfective and perfective verbs.


 


1. USEFUL PHRASE IN RUSSIAN
                          Listen and repeat the following sentence:


- I WILL BE READING THE NOVEL, BUT I WILL NOT FINISH READING IT
- Я БУДУ ЧИТАТЬ РОМАН, НО НЕ ПРОЧИТАЮ ЕГО
  (ya bu-du chi-tat' ro-man, no nye pra-chi-ta-yu ye-vo)

The verbal aspect and the future of Russian verbs: In lesson 11 you have seen the verbal aspect, that is,  you have learnt the imperfective and perfective verbs. Now we are going to see how to form the future of these verbs.
During the lesson you will see the concept of "finished action" (=perfective) and "action in progress" (=imperfective).

 




 2. RUSSIAN VOCABULARY

Read, listen and repeat the basic Russian vocabulary of this lesson:



     ENGLISH
  • guest / guests
  • by the way
  • afterwards
  • again
  • ok, alright
  • tomorrow, see you tomorrow
  • Sunday
  • homework
  • exercise
  • quickly, fast
  • birthday
  • party
  • soup, meat, dessert
  • yummy, tasty, delicious
       RUSSIAN
  • гость / гости
  • кстати
  • потом
  • снова
  • ладно
  • завтра, до завтра
  • воскресенье
  • домашнее задание
  • упражнение
  • быстро
  • день рождения
  • вечеринка
  • суп, мясо, десерт
  • вкусно



RUSSIAN VERBS THAT YOU WILL SEE ON THIS LESSON

These are the new verbs that you will learn in the dialogues.



     ENGLISH
  • to have lunch
  • to call, to phone
  • to work
       RUSSIAN (imperfective verb / perfective verb)
  • обедать / пообедать
  • звонить / позвонить
  • работать (imperfective)







 3. DIALOGUES IN RUSSIAN
   With extra help for verbs!

Now you are going to see three dialogues with perfective and imperfective verbs in the future tense.
In the grammar section (after these dialogues) you will learn more about these Russian verbs.


 
 We are going to help you:
- Perfective verbs in the future tense will be highlighted in blue.
- Imperfective verbs in the future tense will be highlighted in green.


DIALOGUE 1:

RUSSIAN

- Маша, сегодня я не буду работать. А ты? Ты работаешь сегодня?

- Я тоже не работаю. Я буду дома. А что ты будешь делать?

- Я буду готовить всё утро, потому что у меня будут гости. Кстати, Майкл будет помогать мне!

- Какой он молодец! А вечером? Что вы будете делать?


- Ничего. Я думаю, что мы будем смотреть телевизор. А ты?

- Сегодня я буду читать роман всё утро. Потом пообедаю и снова буду читать роман.

- Ты прочитаешь роман сегодня? Если да, то позвони мне и подумаем, что мы будем делать вечером.

- Ладно, я прочитаю роман и позвоню тебе.

ENGLISH

- Маша, today I'm not going to work. And you? Do you work today?

- I don't work either. I'll be home. And what will you do?

- I'll be cooking all morning because I'm going to have guests. By the way, Michel is going to help me!

- What a good boy! And in the evening? What are you going to do?


- Nothing. I think that we will watch tv. And you?

- Today I'll be reading a novel all morning. Afterwards I'll have lunch and again, I'll read the novel.

- ¿Will you finish reading the novel today? If so, call me and we'll think what we're going to do in the evening.

- Alright, I'm going to finish reading the novel and I'll call you.


DIALOGUE 2:

RUSSIAN
 
-
Завтра воскресенье. Что ты будешь делать?

- Завтра я буду делать домашнее задание.

- Ты будешь делать домашнее задание всё воскресенье?


- Конечно нет. Сегодня вечером я прочитаю текст, а завтра утром я буду делать упражнение.

- Я думаю, что я всё сделаю сегодня. Завтра я буду отдыхать весь день.


- Молодец! Ты всегда делаешь домашнее задание быстро.

- У меня идея! Я сделаю твоё упражнение и потом мы будем отдыхать вместе.

- Нет. Я всё сделаю сама.

- Ладно. Ты позвонишь мне завтра вечером? Я буду смотреть телевизор.


- Да, позвоню. До завтра.
ENGLISH
 
- Tomorrow is Sunday. What are you going to do?

- Tomorrow I'm going to do my homework.

- ¿Will you be doing your homework all Sunday?


- Of course not. Today in the evening I'm going to read the text, and tomorrow in the morning I'll do the exercise.

- I think that I'll do everything today. tomorrow I'm going to be resting all day long.

- Well done! You always do your homework fast.

- I have an idea! I'm going to do your homework and afterwards we'll rest together.

- No. I'm going to do everything myself.

- Alright. will you call me tomorrow evening? I'll be watching television.


- Yes, I'll call. See you tomorrow.

 


DIALOGUE 3:

 RUSSIAN

- Майкл, завтра твой день рождения.  Мы будем готовить всё утро, потому что... у нас будет маленькая вечеринка!
 
- О, спасибо, Лена! Я буду помогать!
 
- Хорошо, тогда ты приготовишь суп, а я приготовлю мясо. А ты, Маша?
 
- Я сделаю десерт. Всё будет очень вкусно.

 
- А что мы будем делать вечером? Мы будем смотреть телевизор дома?
 
- Нет, лучше мы посмотрим фильм в кино. Ладно?

 
- Хорошая идея.

 ENGLISH

- Michael, tomorrow is your birthday. We're going to be cooking all morning because... we will have a small party!

 
- Wow, thanks Lena! I'm going to help!
 
- Good, then you will cook the soup and I will cook the meat. And you Masha?
 
- I'm going to do the dessert. Everything is going to be very yummy.
 
- And what will we do in the evening? Are we going to watch tv at home?
 
- No, better we're going to watch a movie at the cinema, ok?
 
- Good idea.





RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? 
Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand:





 4. RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

                                         Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:


 
The future tense in Russian


Step 1: The future of the very "to be" (быть)


As you have seen in lesson 11, for each English verb, in Russian exist two verbs: a perfective and an imperfective one. Now we will see how to form their future tense.
 
We will start with the future of the verb "to be" (бить).

The verb быть is used as an auxiliary verb in order to form the future. It has a similar function as "will" in English.


RUSSIAN
Я буду
Ты будешь
Он / она будет
Мы будем
Вы бyдете
Они будут
ENGLISH
I will be
You will be
He / she will be
We will be
You will be
They will be


Step 2: How form the future tense in Russian

In lesson 11 you have seen that the past tense in Russian is formed the same way for both imperfective and perfective verbs. In the case of the future tense, we have these two ways.

This is the way to form the future tense in Russian of imperfective verbs:
verb быть conjugated in the future tense + infinitive of the imperfective verb
*as you will see below, this is similar to the way to form the future tense in English.


This is the way to form the future tense in Russian of perfective verbs:
stem of the perfective verb + endings of the present tense
*as you will see below, this future looks like the present tense of imperfective verbs. It is important not to mix both tenses.


We can now see an example with the verb "to read". Pay attention: for the verb "to read" there are two Russian verbs:
читать (imperfective) and прочитать (perfective). We will see below how to form the the future tense for each verb:

читать = to read
(imperfective)



 
прочитать = to read
(perfective)



 Translation
 (the same translation for both verbs)
Я буду читать
Ты будешь читать
Он/Она будет читать
Мы будем читать
Вы будете читать
Они будут читать

 
Я прочитаю
Ты прочитаешь
Он/Она прочитает
Мы прочитаем
Вы прочитаете
Они прочитают

 I will read / I'm going to read
 You will read / You're going to read
 He / she will read / He's going to read
 We will read / We're going to read
 You will read / You're going to read
 They will read /They're going to read

 

THE PERFECTIVE VERBS DO NOT EXIST IN THE PRESENT TENSE
This is a DIFFICULT CONCEPT, but it is important to understand it. We will explain it with an example:
In English we can use the construction "finish + verb + -ing" in the present, but with a future meaning:
- Today I finish reading the book - In 5 minutes I finish cooking - Tomorrow I finish painting -
 Something similar happens with the perfective verbs in Russian:
 You already know that perfective verbs convey the idea of "finished action". The future of these verbs are formed
 adding the endings of the present, but (as it happens with "finish + verb + -ing) they have a future meaning.

 In other words: The verbs that form the future with the endings of the present (that is, the perfective verbs)
 don't have any "present tense". They can only be used to express past and future. 





Paso 3: Examples of Russian verbs in the future tense

Have a look at these examples to understand better the use of imperfective and perfective Russian verbs in the future.

Russian verbs give more information that English verbs. That's why below you will see three columns:
- a sentence in Russian
- the English translation
- a longer translation where you can see the extra information given by the Russian verb.

Russian

English translation

Information given by the Russian verb, not given by the English one
Завтра я буду готовить суп
готовить (imperfective): to cook

 
"Tomorrow I'm going to cook soup"
or
"Tomorrow I'll cook soup"
Tomorrow I will be performing the action of cooking soup, but I don't say if I'll finish cooking it or not.
Завтра я приготовлю суп
приготовить (perfective): to cook
 
"Tomorrow I'm going to cook soup"
or
"Tomorrow I'll cook soup"
Tomorrow I will cook soup and I will finish cooking it.
 


Иван будет читать роман
читать (imperfective): to read

 
"Ivan is going to read a novel"
or "Ivan will read a novel"
Ivan will be performing the action of reading a novel, but doesn't tell if he'll finish it or not.
Иван прочитает роман
прочитать (perfective): to read
 
"Ivan is going to read a novel"
or "Ivan will read a novel"
Ivan is going to be reading the novel until he finishes it.
 


Сегодня мы будем делать всё
делать (imperfective): to do

 
"Today we're going to do everything"
or "Today we'll do everything"
Today we are going to be performing the action of doing everything, but we don't say if we'll finish or not.
Сегодня мы всё сделаем
сделать (perfective): to do
 
"Today we're going to do everything"
or "Today we'll do everything"
Today we will be doing everything until we finish it.


HAVE YOU NOTICED IT?
When you read the English translation (that is, the second column in the examples above) you can't tell if the Russian sentence used a perfective or an imperfective verb. In real situations you won't see a sentence alone: you will see a whole context to help you know if the action finished or not.
But as you can see,
Russian verbs give more information that English verbs.



 
¡UN MOMENTO!
¿Te ha gustado esta lección? Si es así, haznos felices y compártela con un amigo.
           


 





 5. TEST

                          Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Which verbs don't exist in the future?       perfective         imperfective   both have future  

2. Which of these verbs is in the future?       я буду читать    я читаю            читай

3. Translate: tomorrow I'll be cooking soup? завтра я приготовлю суп   завтра я буду готовить суп

4. Which verbs don't exist in the present?     perfective   imperfective  both 

5. Which verbs form the future with "быть"? no one           perfective      imperfective




                go to lesson 14


Contact us       Site map       Terms of use       Privacy policy     Russian lessons via Skype
Copyright © www.russianforfree.com. All rights reserved.