RUSSIAN COURSE
-Basic Russian for beginners-


LESSON 3: SORRY, I DON'T UNDERSTAND

In this lesson you will learn:
- how to ask questions in Russian.
- the formal and informal way to say "you".
- to conjugate a verb in the present tense.



 


1. USEFUL PHRASE IN RUSSIAN
                          Listen and repeat the following sentence:


 - SORRY, I DON'T UNDERSTAND     - ИЗВИНИТЕ, Я НЕ ПОНИМАЮ
                                                            (
iz-vi-ni-tye, ya nye pa-ni-ma-yu)

Извините: This is the first imperative form that you will learn in the course. It means "excuse me", but only when you address someone formally. If you talk to a friend you will use the informal form: извини. You will learn about formal and informal in future lessons.
 




 2. RUSSIAN VOCABULARY

Read, listen and repeat the basic Russian vocabulary of this lesson:



  ENGLISH
  • We
  • You (plural)
  • To understand
  • Also, too
  • Bye
  • See you
  • See you
  • Hello (formal)
  • Only
  RUSSIAN
  • Мы
  • Вы
  • Понимать
  • Тоже
  • Пока
  • До свидания
  • До встречи
  • Здравствуйте
  • Только
  PRONUNCIATION
  • my
  • vy
  • pa-ni-mat'
  • to-zhe
  • pa-ka
  • da svi-da-niya
  • da vstrye-chi
  • zdrast-vuj-tye
  • tol-ka







 3. DIALOGUES IN RUSSIAN
   These Russian dialogues will help you memorise this lesson's vocabulary:

DIALOGUE 1:

ENGLISH

- Hi Masha and Lena, how are you?

- Hi Tania. Everything fine, Thank you.

- Masha and Lena, (Do) you speak Italian?

- Yes, we speak Italian.


- Me too.

- Bye.

- See you.

RUSSIAN

- Привет, Маша и Лена, как дела?

- Привет, Таня. Всё хорошо, спасибо.

- Маша и Лена, вы говорите по-итальянски?

- Да, мы говорим по-итальянски.

- Я тоже.

- Пока.

- До встречи.

PRONUNCIATION 

- pri-vyet Ma-sha i lye-na, kak dye-La?

- pri-vyet, ta-nya. Vsyo ha-ra-sho, spa-si-ba.

- Ma-sha i lye-na, vy ga-va-ri-tye pa-i-ta-lyans-ki?

- da, my ga-va-rim pa-i-ta-lyans-ki.

- ya to-zhe.

- pa-ka.

- da vstrye-chi.


DIALOGUE 2:



 

ENGLISH
 
- Hello Mr Smith. Do you speak Russian?

- Sorry, I don't understand.

- You don't understand? But Mr Smith, you don't speak Russian?

- I (am) not Mr Smith. I (am) Pedro. I (am) Spanish and I speak only Spanish.


- Sorry. Good bye.


- Good bye.


RUSSIAN
 
- Здравствуйте, мистер Смит. Вы говорите по-русски?

- Извините, я не понимаю.

- Вы не понимаете? Но мистер Смит, вы не говорите по-русски?

- Я не мистер Смит. Я Педро. Я испанец и говорю только по-испански.

- Извините. До свидания.


- До свидания.


PRONUNCIATION
 
- zdrast-vyj-tye mis-ter smit. vy ga-va-ri-tye pa-rus-ki?

- iz-vi-ni-tye, ya nye pa-ni-ma-yu.

- Vy nye pa-ni-ma-ye-tye? no mis-ter smit, vy nye ga-va-ri-te pa-rus-ki?

- Ya nye mis-ter smit. ya pe-dro. ya is-pa-nyets i ga-va-ryu tol-ka pa-is-pans-ki.

- iz-vi-ni-tye. da svi-da-niya.


- da svi-da-niya.






RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? 
Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand:





 4. RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

                                         Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:


How to say "you" in Russian

In Russian there are different two ways of saying "you", a formal and an informal way. There not specific rules about when to use each, but in general we could say the following:
  • Formal "you": used with older people and people we don't know well.
  • Informal "you": used with relatives, children and close friends.
You will only need to learn two forms:ты and вы. The first one (ты) is only used for informal address in singular. For any other case вы is used:

  Singular:

- Informal = Ты
- Formal = Вы
  Plural:

- Informal = Вы
- Formal = Вы
 
In the dialogues you have seen examples of formal and informal situations. During the course you will see even more examples.

Also, pay attention to the verbs. The endings for ты and вы are easy to recognise:

 Verb: знать

Ты знаешь

Вы знаете

 Verb: говорить

Ты говоришь

Вы говорите

 

The verbs in the present tense

During these three lessons you have learnt the personal pronouns in Russian (I, you, he, we,...). You only need to learn how to say "they": они (pronounced "a-ni").

On the right you have the whole conjugation of the verb говорить in the present tense. Listen to the audio and pay attention to the pronunciation:


In future lessons you will learn new verbs.

  Говорить
- Я говорю
- Ты говоришь
- Он говорит
- Мы говорим-
- Вы говорите
- Они говорят
 

How to make questions in Russian

If you want to make a question in Russian, you only need to use the symbol "?". This means:

- You do not need to change the position of the verb.
- You do not need to use an auxiliary verb like "do" in English.

Look at these examples to understand it better:

 - Ты русский.
- You are Russian
.

- Ты говоришь по-русски.
 
- You speak Russian.

- Ты русский?
- Are you Russian?

- Ты говоришь по-русски?
- Do you speak Russian?

 





 5. TEST

                          Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

Number of correct answers on the first try.

    1. How do you say "hello" in a formal way?

    2. What does "вы" mean?

    3. Which is the WRONG option?

    4. Which is the RIGHT option?

    5. How do you say "we too"?

 


           go to lesson 4


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