RUSSIAN COURSE
-Basic Russian for beginners-


LESSON 2: I SPEAK RUSSIAN VERY WELL

In this lesson you will learn:
- the personal pronouns "he", "she" and "it".
- basic rules of verbs in the present tense.
- new Russian vocabulary.


 


1. USEFUL PHRASE IN RUSSIAN
                          Listen and repeat the following sentence:


 - I SPEAK RUSSIAN VERY WELL       - Я ГОВОРЮ ПО-РУССКИ ОЧЕНЬ ХОРОШО
                                                            (
ya ga-va-ryu pa-rus-ki o-chyen ha-ra-sho)

Pronunciation: You have now heard the word "хорошо" (well). It is not pronounced "ho-ro-sho" but "ha-ra-sho". Why? In Russian, the vowel "o" is pronounced "o" only when it is stressed. Otherwise it is pronounced "a".
 




 2. RUSSIAN VOCABULARY

Read, listen and repeat the basic Russian vocabulary of this lesson:



  ENGLISH
  • To speak
  • Very
  • But
  • Thank you
  • He
  • She
  • And
  • To speak Russian
  • Well
  RUSSIAN
  • Говорить
  • Очень
  • Но
  • Спасибо
  • Он
  • Она
  • И
  • Говорить по-русски
  • Хорошо
  PRONUNCIATION
  • ga-va-rit'
  • o-chen
  • no
  • spa-si-ba
  • on
  • a-na
  • i
  • ga-va-rit' pa-rus-ki
  • ha-ra-sho







 3. DIALOGUES IN RUSSIAN
   These Russian dialogues will help you memorise this lesson's vocabulary:

DIALOGUE 1:

ENGLISH

- Hi Michael!

- Hi Helen Elena! How are you?

- Very well, thanks.

RUSSIAN

- Привет, Майкл!

- Привет, Елена! Как дела?

- Очень хорошо, спасибо.

PRONUNCIATION 

- pri-vyet maj-kl

- pri-vyet ye-lye-na. kak dye-La?


- o-chyen ha-ra-sho spa-si-ba.




DIALOGUE 2:

ENGLISH
 
- Hi, are you Russian?

- No, I am American, but I speak Russian.

- Wow, you speak Russian very well!

- Thank you!

RUSSIAN
 
- Привет. Ты русский?

- Нет, я американец, но я говорю по-русски.

- Ого, ты говоришь по-русски очень хорошо.

- Спасибо!

PRONUNCIATION
 
- pri-vyet. Ty rus-kij?

- nyet, ya a-me-ri-ka-nyets, no ya ga-va-ryu pa-rus-ki.

- o-ho, ty ga-va-rish pa-rus-ki o-chyen ha-ra-sho.

- spa-si-ba.



DIALOGUE 3:

 ENGLISH
  
- He is American, but he speaks Russian very well.


- She is American, but she speaks Russian very well.

 RUSSIAN
  
- Он американец, но он говорит по-русски очень хорошо.

- Она американка, но она говорит по-русски очень хорошо.
 PRONUNCIATION
  
- on a-mye-ri-ka-nyets, no on ga-va-rit pa-rus-ki o-chyen ha-ra-sho.

- a-na a-mye-ri-kan-ka, no a-na ga-va-rit pa-rus-ki o-chyen ha-ra-sho.



 





RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FORUM

Do you have any questions about this lesson, about grammar rules or vocabulary? 
Ask in our free forum. If you want to learn Russian, it's very important that you ask everything you don't understand:





 4. RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

                                         Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:


Personal pronouns: third person

In this lessons you have learnt 3rd person singular pronouns in Russian. As in English, the verb does not change for masculine and feminine in the present tense:

- Он говорит (he speaks)
- Она говорит (she speaks).

In future lessons we will see that this does not happen in the past tense: there are different forms for masculine and feminine.

In the previous lesson you have learnt that in Russian there is a neuter gender. There is also a personal pronoun for this gender: оно (it is pronounced "a-no").

Attention: оно is not used in the same situations and as often as "it" in English.

 

Verb conjugation: present tense

After the first two lessons, you have already seen the conjugation of the present tense in singular (я, ты, он). Verbs in Russian are built adding different endings to a common root.

Have a look to this example:


  Verb: to speak

I              speak
You         speak
He / she  speaks
  Verb: говорить

Я            говорю
Ты          говоришь
Он / она говорит
 
In the next lessons you will learn new Russian verbs and you will see the different endings used.
 





 5. TEST

                          Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

Number of correct answers on the first try.

    1. How do you say "thank you" in Russian?

    2. How do you say "well" in Russian?

    3. How do you say "very" in Russian?

    4. Choose the correct sentence.

    5. Choose the correct sentence.

 


           go to lesson 3


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