Russian grammar

RUSSIAN GRAMMAR TABLES

Russian nouns – Russian adjectives – Russian pronouns

What is grammar? Grammar is the study of the set rules that tell us how to speak and write in any language correctly. Thanks to learning grammar, we know how to build words and phrases. In other words, it is not enough to know many Russian words, you also need to know how to use them in the right order and with the right endings, so you can create sentences in Russian.

Here you’ll find useful grammar tables which you can look up when reading Russian texts or when doing exercises. We’ve tried to concentrate the most important grammar points in just a few tables so you don’t feel overwhelmed with information.

Grammar tables nouns

TABLES OF RUSSIAN NOUNS

There 6 cases in the Russian Case System. A case indicates the function of a word (object, subject, mode,…). If you want to know more about cases and how to use them, you can visit our Russian cases course. In the tables below you can find all noun endings for each case.

Grammar table of Russian nouns in nominative

Grammar table of Russian nouns in dative

Grammar table of Russian nouns in instrumental

Grammar table of Russian nouns in accusative

Grammar table of Russian nouns in genitive

Grammar table of Russian nouns in prepositional

Grammar tables of Russian nouns

EXTRA HELP – Noun endings in nominative: In this table you can find the endings of the Russian nouns for each gender (masculine, feminine and neuter):

Grammar table with the endings of Russian nouns for each gender

TABLES OF RUSSIAN ADJECTIVES

Russian adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. In our course on Russian cases we have created two lessons for each grammatical case: a one lesson for nouns and one lesson for adjectives. In the tables below you can see the different endings of Russian adjectives for each case:

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in nominative

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in genitive

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in accusative

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in instrumental

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in dative

Grammar table of Russian adjectives in prepositional

TABLES OF RUSSIAN PRONOUNS

Both in Russian and English we have personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we,…)
and possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, our,…)

CASE SYSTEM FOR RUSSIAN PRONOUNS

You’ll find below two tables: possessive and personal pronouns. Each table shows the 6 Russian cases and their endings:

Grammar table of Russian possessive pronouns

Grammar table of Russian personal pronouns

In our Russian cases course you will find examples of Russian pronouns for each grammatical case.

EXTRA HELP: In this table you can find the endings of Russian possessive pronouns in nominative for each gender (masculine, feminine and neuter):

Grammar table of possessive pronouns for each gender

When should you start learning grammar? When it comes learning a foreign language, the more you learn the better. That’s quite logical. But in order to set priorities, we have to know the best moment for each step in the learning process. In general, we can say that right at the beginning you shouldn’t worry about grammar too much. Once you know some vocabulary, you can start having a look at cases, verb tenses or the word order in a sentence. In other words, before knowing grammar you should learn vocabulary.

Russian language is not an exception: the case system is important, but knowing it perfectly won’t help you much if your vocabulary is limited. If you have just started learning Russian, you can visit other sections in this website (for example, our Russian courses for beginners) before focusing on grammar.